Red Cross Report: How to Make a Reinforced Native Style Home for P20,000 Materials Cost

A Red Cross report entitled: “Shelter Report 2015: Philippine Typhoon Haiyan Response” provides detailed instructions including cost for making a reinforced coco lumber and sawali native style dwelling for about P30,000 in materials.  What makes it “reinforced” is that in includes a foundation and better, stronger joints, making it better capable of withstanding winds, plus a physical design that minimizes vulnerability to wind.

The report also has a lot of statistics and analysis, especially for Samar and Leyte.  Here are some of the big ones:

Timeline of the Shelter Program

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The graph shows how and when the ICRC shelter program kicked in. Although it’s frustrating to see how long it took — it does help to see it in context and realize how the “triage” worked.

How Bad the Damage Was in  Samar

The report makes clear what they mean by “reinforced” and it makes sense. Our municipality of Lawaan suffered 2,044 partially damaged and 901 destroyed homes.  The real shocker is Guiuan — 1,601 partially damaged and 10,008 destroyed.

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Against this need, ICRC and other NGOs provided a bit more than 21,000 new shelters in the province. THANK YOU for that.


What Makes the Structures “Reinforced”?

The beauty of the shelters is that the are clearly native construction– in the traditional style with coco lumber and sawali as the main components. But the design makes them stronger and more typhoon-resistant.  Why?

  • FOUNDATION that holds the structure up, down, and from toppling over, and resists rot and vermin.
  • TIE-DOWN from the bottom up ensuring continuous tie-down through all elements of the construction

  • BRACING in both directions in each plane of the building, from strong point to strong point, to act in both tension and compression

  • STRONG JOINTS that resist being pulled apart or crushed under tension or compression

  • ROOFING – Wind-resistant shape, of adequate strength and fastenings

  • SHAPE — Simple strong geometrical shapes will better resist earthquakes and typhoons

The Design

Here’s what it looks like:

ICRC Reinforced House

The Cost

Materials cost — about P20,000.  Other than that, it’s labor and whether or not you put a bathroom in it, in which case, with a bathroom, add another P15,000.

Here is the link to  ICRC Press Release and Complete Shelter Report 2015.

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